Latest News

  • What’s the Future of Amber Raw Material?
    What’s the Future of Amber Raw Material?

    Contrary to expectations, the Amberif trade fair didn’t provide an answer to the question about the nearest future of the amber market. Though, the fair has shown that the market is really saturated both with the raw material and products.

  • Amber Trip 2015
    Amber Trip 2015

    Although there were visibly fewer buyers than last year at the Amber Trip in Vilnus, the event can boast a higher number of exhibitors and a larger exhibition area. 

  • Lithuania will start amber mining
    Lithuania will start amber mining

    This year, the largest international exhibition of amber and jewelry in Baltic countries Amber Trip 2015 has launched an exclusive event – a press conference on plans to mine Lithuanian amber, lying in the Curonian Lagoon beside Juodkrante.

  • The German Media Writing about Amber
    The German Media Writing about Amber

    An article about amber has been published in Goldschmiede Zeitung (GZ), a leading German monthly magazine for the jewellery and  watchmaking industry. The article mentions the Amberif trade fair, decreasing prices of the amber raw material, the Chinese market and modern Polish jewellery. 

  • Amber – a Year Later
    Amber – a Year Later

    In January 2014 the producers were paralysed by the prices of raw material going through the roof, as well as by the dramatic lack of the raw material. Today the prices have fallen by half, and there is a lot of raw material on the market, though its quality is not always good enough.

Resources

People have been fascinated by searching for amber and mining amber in Poland, since the beginning of history. Primeval amber mines and various finds are located in the eastern part of the Środkowopolska Lowland, Podlaskobiałoruska Upland, the western and eastern parts of Pomeranian Lake District and Southern Baltic Shoreland. It is the area located between the delta of Eocene rivers, running from the forests growing on the land in the Palaeogene period (Sałaciński, Łazowski 2008).

Baltic Amber, the fossilized remains of tree resin, was precious since Neolithic peoples, who gathered it from the shores of the Baltic Sea at least 13 000 years ago. It has been reported that plants had been making amber for at least 320 million years (Grimaldi, 2009). Baltic amber comes from pine called Pinus succinifera. It has wide distribution from northern Europe to the Urals. Nowadays, Baltic amber is found in Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Russia and occasionally washed up on the shores of the Baltic Sea to Denmark, Norway and England (Singer, 2008) or retransported by glaciares to Ukraine and further. About 90% of the world's extractable amber is still located in the Kaliningrad Oblast (Sambia), Russia. There is the biggest open pit mine of amber. Much valued from antiquity to the present as a gemstone, amber is made into variety of decorative objects (Lurie, Mappen, 2004). Amber is a wholly-organic material. Although not mineralized, it is often classifies as a gemstone of organic origin (Singer, 2008).

It’s not another boring museum – this is the slogan advertising the Amber Museum in Jarosławiec. It is the place where the decorations, pictures, smells, sounds, and, of course exhibits, tell an interesting story about amber.

The world amber community is a wide-ranging group of people generally interested in amber, and yet it is also a narrow range of specialists who study amber and develop the amber business in their countries and provide for its international development.

The primary idea behind the international amber jewellery workshops, which have been held in Gdańsk since 2009, is to make amber an inspiration for designers from throughout the world – those who had never used this precious fossil resin in their art before.

The year 2013 marked the 10th anniversary of the completion of the work on the restoration of the Amber Room. Several million visitors had the opportunity to see the Room over this period and its popularity remains as strong as ever.

Trendbook 2014+ is the fourth annual review of the stylistic trends that inspire jewellery designers in Poland.

The Amber Department of the PAS Museum of the Earth is currently running its third resource query on “Amber in Polish Museums”. Recent findings have shown that amber is kept in at least 140 Polish museums. This overview only mentions selected Museum collections.

The collection was accumulated for the purposes of commodity science, research and exhibition. It is related to my work as an amber identification expert; it helps and makes it easier for me to judge the quality of the material and to determine the technological process used on it.

At the turn of the 17th and 18th cent. Baltic amber was gathered from Baltic beaches and fished out from the sea. The raw amber from the sea was usually very fine, while larger nuggets would crack during their journey to the seashore. For this reason large pieces were relatively far more rare and expensive than in the 20th century. This, in turn, is why early modern amber works of art had such a high status.

Amber is a fossil resin classified as an organic mineral, crafted by amber craftspeople into a gemstone, an object of desire for jewellery lovers and collectors alike, and today also for researchers who find traces of long gone nature in it.

According to the end of 2011 figures, the geological resources of the amber deposits in Poland amount to 1118 tonnes (Szufilcki et al., Eds., 2012); these deposits are found in Holocene, Pleistocene and Palaeogene sediments.

Although the Ukraine has its own deposits of amber raw material, the foundations for a proper functioning of the amber industry in this country have only been in existence for a few years. The interest in amber products has been gradually growing on the local market, mainly due to the promotion which is a part of the project "The Ukrainian Amber World".
From now onwards it will be possible to transport Ukrainian amber to Gdańsk legally, instead of smuggling it. These changes to the law, although revolutionary, are not explicit.
Although the supply of Ukrainian amber has been one of the main sources for the industry in Gdańsk, the Ukrainian monopolist on the amber market is now facing serious problems due to... the lack of resources.
In spite of investigations carried out for more than 160 years, the mystery of Baltic amber’s parent plant remains unsolved. Many species of trees were suggested as the parent tree, chiefly belonging to two conifer families: the Pinaceae and the Araucariaceae. The traditional name for the parent plant of the Baltic amber resin was coined as early as in the mid-19th century as Pinus succinifera or the amber pine (GÖPPERT, 1836; CONWENTZ). However, the actual systematic affiliation of this taxon remains uncertain. The serious contenders for the title of Baltic amber resin’s parent plant also included the golden larch Pseudolarix (GORDON) from the same family Pinaceae.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amber artefacts made in Gdansk and Königsberg in the craft's heyday from the 16 th to the mid-18 th century came to Sweden in a variety of ways. Some of them were ordered by members of the Royal Family from the master amber craft artists both in Königsberg (e.g. Georg Schreiber and Johan Kohn) and in Gdansk; documented sources confirm that amber items were sent to the Swedish court by Michel Redlin, the famous Gdansk guild master. A number of items were bequeathed in wills (chiefly from Denmark ). We cannot rule out, however, that many of the amber artefacts in Sweden come from the mass looting done by the Swedish army during the Thirty Years' War and the Deluge.
In the early 20 th century, the former summer residence of the Russian Tsars, the most important building of the giant Tsarskoye Selo palace and park complex, received the name of the Palace of Catherine I, the wife and later successor of Peter I on the throne of the Russian Empire.
The Amber Museum in Kaliningrad is the only Museum in Russia dedicated to a single mineral. Thanks to the proximity of the Palmnicken deposit, the largest amber deposit in the world, it was possible to assemble a varied natural and scientific collection of the precious stone, including a collection of amber with plant and animal inclusions. We also collect ornaments and applied art dating from the Neolithic Age to contemporary times.

The Moscow Kremlin, originally a fortified castle built on a hill by the River Moskva by Prince Yuri Dolgoruki in 1147, was expanded in the early 16th century and sheltered the seat of the rulers of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, regular army barracks, a grand armoury and several magnificent churches over a total area of 28 hectares, circled by walls with numerous gates and towers.

 

The enormous St Petersburg museum, which boasts grand collections of artworks, the heirlooms of the tsars and many other precious objects, has a comparatively modest amber collection. The collection has only 105 items, but some of them are sets made of many individual items, for instance a chessboard with 32 chess pieces or a flirt game (a very large box with four smaller boxes inside, and over a dozen chips with engraved pictures in each of the smaller boxes).
In antiquity, Aquileia was one of the dynamic craft centres of the Roman Empire . It was founded in 181 BCE as a commercial settlement and gained renown as a place of manufacture of bronze and glass products. However, its true claim to fame and fortune came from the amber imported from the Baltic coast starting in the 1 st century CE. Roman merchants would take off from Aquileia to the north via the famous Amber Route , which served as the main trade road to “barbaric” countries, already during the times of Celtic dominance in central Europe .
Berlin’s collections of historical amber artefacts from the modern era, although mostly relatively late – from the early 1700s – are top class in terms of craftsmanship, scale (size), artistic value and gripping content, both sacred and secular.
Established in 1852, the London-based Victoria & Albert Museum is one of the largest art museums in the world, with 4.5 million exhibits. The world class compendium contains collections of applied and decorative art which cover a period of 3 thousand years, from the oldest civilisations of the East up until the present. The leading collections include: the art of Asia , Ceramics, Furniture, Glass, Metalwork, Paintings and Drawings, Sculpture, Textiles, Photography. The museum has a number of valuable historical amber items which, however, do not make up a separate collection. The majority of amber artefacts belong to the Department of Sculpture but some are also registered in the Metalwork or even the Furniture collection.
The collection at Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen includes a large and very interesting collection of amber artefacts. These works are not grouped in a single exhibition dedicated solely to amber, but are dispersed among other magnificent treasures assembled at the Castle. The specificity of the Rosenborg collection and the way it is presented is not without historical reason. Rosenborg Castle was built in a Late Renaissance style in the early 17 th century and was the royal residence for almost 100 years.
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