Items filtered by date: February 2015

Baltic Amber, the fossilized remains of tree resin, was precious since Neolithic peoples, who gathered it from the shores of the Baltic Sea at least 13 000 years ago. It has been reported that plants had been making amber for at least 320 million years (Grimaldi, 2009). Baltic amber comes from pine called Pinus succinifera. It has wide distribution from northern Europe to the Urals. Nowadays, Baltic amber is found in Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Russia and occasionally washed up on the shores of the Baltic Sea to Denmark, Norway and England (Singer, 2008) or retransported by glaciares to Ukraine and further. About 90% of the world's extractable amber is still located in the Kaliningrad Oblast (Sambia), Russia. There is the biggest open pit mine of amber. Much valued from antiquity to the present as a gemstone, amber is made into variety of decorative objects (Lurie, Mappen, 2004). Amber is a wholly-organic material. Although not mineralized, it is often classifies as a gemstone of organic origin (Singer, 2008).

Published in Amber